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Marie Gibert

Associate Members
Discipline :

Coordonnées professionnelles

Associate Researcher

Field: Geography

Professional contact information


+33 6 83 89 55 47

Thematic key words

The Street

Public spaces


Urban renewal


Geographical key words

Ho Chi Minh City



Southeast Asia

East Asia

Research themes

Territory mutations, productive processes and globalization


Les ruelles de Ho Chí Minh Ville (Viet Nam), Trame viaire et recomposition des espaces publics

Initial registration: September 2009

PhD obtained: 2014

Registered at: Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne

Dissertation director: Thierry SANJUAN

At the heart of an urban region of over ten million inhabitants, Ho Chi Minh City is today asserting its identity as an economic engine of Vietnam. The authorities of the city-province intend to uphold this metropolitan status by taking planning back in hand after decades of spontaneous urban development. The approach of this PhD project in urban geography was to decrypt the contemporary mutations of the inherited spatial units that are the lanes (hẻm) of Hồ Chí Minh City, both in their dimension as components of the public street network and as public spaces. The inhibited historical trajectory of the city provides insight into the specificity of its morphology, marked by a very weak footprint of the public street network, whose hierarchy remains incomplete. Close to 85 % of the streets are less than twelve meters wide. Lanes thus constitute the heart of the urban framework, as well as the living environment of the vast majority of the population. At the cusp between public and private, collective and individual, the lane, seen as a dynamic urban form, makes it possible to think the urban re-composition mechanisms and the evolution of the urban practices that unfold there. In this respect, this research would like to grasp the reception by the city dwellers of the norms of “urban modernity,” as they are redefined today by the authorities of the city-province and as they affect the conception and functioning of the public spaces on a day-to-day basis. The modalities of production of the lane network, along with is contemporary re-compositions, bear witness to the importance of inhabitant interventions in the urban constitution of Ho Chí Minh City, in which the planned and the spontaneous are closely linked. At the cusp between the public and the private, between the collective and the individual, the lane, considered as a dynamic urban form, makes it possible to first think the mechanisms of city production and the evolution of the practices that unfold there. These mechanisms have been analyzed on three temporal scales: the longueduréeof urban history and the constitution of the neighborhoods of lanes; the ordinary temporalities that punctuate their day-to-day socio-spatial functioning. Finally on the scale of a more exceptional time: that of current expansion projects of these inherited lanes, which are inscribed within the process of metropolitan construction that characterizes the city today.

Research-related responsibilities

  • 2016. Member of the organizing committee of the “Graduate Forum,” Asia Research Institute (ARI), National University of Singapore, 12-14 July, 2016.
  • 2016. Main organizer of the international conference entitled “Lanes and Neighborhoods in Asian cities,” Asia Research Institute (ARI), National University of Singapore, in partnership with the IIAS (International Institute of Asian Studies, Leiden), 30 June-1 July, 2016.
  • 2016. Organizer of the workshop entitled “Rethinking Vietnamese Public Places,” Asia Research Institute (ARI), National University of Singapore, with Dr. Annette KIM (UCS Price, LA), 7 June, 2016.
  • 2015-2016. Member of the “Asian Graduate Student Committee” (committee to select Southeast Asia Master’s students for the Asian Graduate Student Fellowships program), Asia Research Institute (ARI), National University of Singapore (NUS)
  • Summer 2014. Postdoctoral researcher with the UKNA program (Urban Knowledge Network Asia), Hong Kong University (architecture department)
  • 2013. Co-organizer of the panel entitled “Transforming Southeast Asian Cities, A View from the Grassroots” with J. Tadié and G. Fauveaud, EuroSEAS International Conference, Lisbon, 2-5 July, 2013.
  • 2011 and 2012. Member of the organizing committee of the Journées des jeunes chercheurs de l’Institut de Géographie: “Temps, rythmes et temporalités”on 8 April, 2011, and “Action ou vérité? Les géographes face à la société”on 11 April, 2012.
  • Since 2011: Member of the Virtual Saigonproject, collaborative interactive cartography platform, Institut d’Asie Orientale(IAO – UMR 5062), Lyon
  • 2010-2015: Member of the ‘Réseau des jeunes chercheurs du foncier,’part of the Adef (Association des études foncières)
  • 2010-2014: Member of the multidisciplinary research group NORAO (Nouvelles Organisations Régionales en Asie Orientale)
  • 2010-2012: Elected PhD-student representative for the Paris Geography graduate program


  • 2013/2014, 2014/2015 and 2015/2016 academic years: Co-supervision of Master’s students’ research (specialization: Emerging and Developing Countries) - Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne
  • 2013/2014 and 2014/2015 academic years: Full-time Adjunct Associate (192 hours/year), Université Evry Val d’Essonne– Preparation for the Geography CAPES (1st and 2nd year Master’s), Urban Geography (2nd year Bachelor’s), Regional Geography (3rd year Bachelor’s)
  • 2012/2013 and 2014/2015 academic years: Half-time Adjunct Associate (96 hours/year), Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne– Preparation for the GeographyAgrégation(courses for geographers and historians), Research Methodology and Survey Techniques (1st year Master’s), Actors and Practices of Development (3rd year Bachelor’s)
  • 2009/2010, 2010/2011, 2011/2012 academic years: Doctoral fellowship recipient with teaching assistantship (64 hours/year) , Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne– Emerging countries and regional integration in Pacific Asia (3rd year Bachelor’s), Preparation for the GeographyAgrégation(courses for geographers and historians), Research Methodology and Survey Techniques (1st year Master’s), Regional Geography (2nd year Bachelor’s), Societies and Rural Spaces (2nd year Bachelor’s), Computing for Geographers (1st year Bachelor’s)

Articles in peer-reviewed journals

Issue editorship

  • March 2016. GIBERT M., « Producing and Living the City in Contemporary Vietnam », The Focus, Newsletter of the International Institute of Asian Studies (Leiden), n°73, Co-edited with C. Musil, E. Peyvel and J. Segard. (special issue with 10 articles, co-authored by French and Vietnamese researchers).

Book chapters

  • Forthcoming. GIBERT M., “Alleyways and neighborhoods in Ho Chi Minh City”, section 6 “Place-making in Neighbourhoods”, in PADAWANGI R. (ed), the Routledge Handbook of Urbanization in Southeast Asia, Routledge.
  • Forthcoming. GIBERT M., « The Reshaping of Post-socialist Ho Chi Minh City : an Approach through Leisure and Urban Practices », in YOUNG D. and DRUMMONDS L. (ed.), Socialist and post-Socialist Urbanisms : Critical Reflections and Comparative Perspectives, University of Toronto Press, co-authored with E. Peyvel
  • Forthcoming. GIBERT M., « Chợ Lớn, la trajectoire paradoxale d’une chinatown historique », in SANJUAN T. (ed.), Les chinatowns dans le monde, Grafigeo series, UMR 8586 PRODIG.
  • GIBERT M., 2015 « Modernisation de la trame viaire à Hồ Chí Minh Ville, enjeux et recompositions territoriales », in FRANCK M. and SANJUAN T. (ed.), Trajectoires et territoires de l’urbain en Asie, lieux d’une autre modernité?, Paris, CNRS Éditions, p. 170-191.
  • GIBERT M., 2014, « Le carnet résidentiel au Vietnam: un instrument de peuplement entre contrainte et contournement », in SALA-PALA V., MOREL-JOURNEL C. and DESAGE F. (ed.),Le peuplement comme politique(s), Rennes, Presses Universitaires de Rennes, p. 221-238.
  • GIBERT M., 2014, « Ho Chi Minh Ville, une métropole compétitive en construction : la voie contre la rue ? », in LE BLANC A., PIERMAY J.L., GERVAIS-LAMBONY P., GIROUD M., PIERDET C., RUFAT S. (ed.), Métropoles en débat, (dé)construction de la ville compétitive, Nanterre, Presses universitaires de Paris Ouest, p. 151-170.
  • GIBERT M., 2014, « The Village in the Mega City », in WAIBEL M. and HILBERT H. (ed.), Ho Chi Minh MEGA City Photobook, Ho Chi Minh City, Times Publishing, p. 146-167.
  • GIBERT M., 2013, « collectivisation », « déguerpissement », « expropriation » and « renouvellement urbain », in BOULAY G. and BUHOT C. (ed.), Les mots du foncier, Paris, Editions de l’Adef.
  • GIBERT M., 2013, « Stadtwandel in Ho Chi Minh City. Ein Blick in die Nachbarschaften », in WAIBEL M. (ed.) in Ho Chi Minh MEGA City, Berlin, Regiospectra, p. 93-119.
  • GIBERT M., 2012, « La ville coloniale: laboratoire de modernité en Asie du Sud-Est? », in LAUX C. and KLEIN J.F.,Les sociétés coloniales à l’âge des empires: Afrique, Antilles, Asie (années 1850-années 1950), Paris, Ellipses, p. 267-280.

Presentations at international conferences

  • GIBERT M., 2015, « Creating Publics in Asian Cities : Exploring the Role of Shopping Malls in Place-making Process », International Conference, Urban Property, Governance and Citizenship in the Global South, University of Copenhagen, 23-26th June 2015.
  • GIBERT M., 2015, « Navigating between public and private spheres, Urban elites strategies in Ho Chi Minh City and Phnom Penh », Conference of the Association of American Geographers (AAG), in the « Urban Elites » Session, Chicago, 21-25th April 2015. Co-presented with G. Fauveaud.
  • GIBERT M., 2015, « Street Trading and the Social Production of Public Space in Vietnamese Cities. A View from Ho Chi Minh City Streets », International Conference, Street Traders and their Relation to Cities, University College London, The Bartlett Developing Planning Unit, 25th March 2015.
  • GIBERT M., 2014, « Flood-prone Alleyways Neighbourhoods of Ho Chi Minh City. The Resilience of Vernacular Heritage facing Metropolitan Modernization », International Conference, The Resilience of Vernacular Heritage in Asian Cities, Asian Research Institute, National University of Singapore, 6-7th November 2014.
  • GIBERT M., 2014, « Doing Research in a ‘Worlding Asian City’: Methodological Challenges. A View from Ho Chi Minh City Public Spaces », Ho Chi Minh City University of Social Sciences and Humanities, Departments of Geography and Urban sociology, 4th August 2014.
  • GIBERT M., 2013, « Urban Transition and Public Spaces in Vietnam : A View from the Streets of Ho Chi Minh City », 8th Singapore Graduate Forum on Southeast Asian Studies, Asian Research Institute, National University of Singapore, 24-26th July 2013.
  • GIBERT M., 2013, « Between Public Spaces and the Public Sphere: Negotiating the Construction of Urban Spaces in Phnom Penh and Ho Chi Minh City », EuroSEAS Conference, Lisbon, 2-6th July 2013. Co-presented with Dr. Gabriel Fauveaud
  • GIBERT M., 2013, « Les espaces publics urbains vietnamiens face à la “modernité”. Hồ Chí Minh Ville : résistance et réinvention de la culture de rue », Architecture des villes d’Asie du Sud-Est : Vers des expressions de la modernité en rapport avec des héritages ?, IPRAUS, Paris, 12-14 June 2013.
  • GIBERT M., 2013, « The Journey of an Urban Model : Rethinking Public Spaces in Postcolonial Southeast Asian cities », in the panel « Southeast Asia and Urban Studies’ Southern Turn », Conference of the Association of American Geographers (AAG), Los Angeles, 9-13th of April 2013.
  • GIBERT M., 2012, « The Negotiated Street in Post-reform Ho Chi Minh City. Conceptualising Streets Resistances Under an Authoritarian Political Regime », Return to the Street Conference, Center for Cultural Studies, Goldsmiths University of London, 27- 28th of June 2012.
  • GIBERT M., 2012, « Penser la modernité urbaine à Ho Chi Minh Ville : la voie contre la rue ? », international conference entitled: La ville compétitive, à quel prix ?, Comité National Français de Géographie, Commission Villes et Métropolisation, Programme Jugurta « Justice spatiale, gouvernance et territorialisation dans les villes des Suds », Université Paris Ouest Nanterre La Défense, 19 to 21 January 2012.
  • GIBERT M., 2011, « Streets as an Inclusive Public Space. A Case Study : Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam », The Eleventh Asian Urbanization Conference, Osmania University, Hyderabad, India, 10-13th of December 2011.
  • GIBERT M., 2011, « Ho Chi Minh Ville, la politique du "statut résidentiel" face à l’impératif du renouvellement urbain », international conference entitled: Le peuplement, catégorie insaisissable des politiques urbaines? , CERAPS, EVS and TRIANGLE research units, Lyon and Saint-Etienne, 17 and 18 November 2011.
  • GIBERT M., 2011, « Local neighbourhoods in Ho Chi Minh City, Between spaces of control and spaces of negotiation », Postgraduate and Early Career Symposium « The social dynamics of neighbourhood », Centre for Housing Research, University of St Andrews, Scotland, 23rd May 2011.

Presentations in research seminars and workshops

  • GIBERT M., 2015, « Fabrique, appropriations et recompositions contemporaines des espaces publics urbains par les nouvelles élites vietnamiennes. Réflexions à partir de Ho Chi Minh Ville », Centre Asie du Sud-Est(CASE) general seminar: « Old and New Elites in Southeast Asia: Statuses, Powers, Legitimacies and Competitions », EHESS, 3 December 2015.
  • GIBERT M., 2015, « Understanding the City Production from Inside : A View from Hồ Chí Minh City’s Alleyways Neighborhoods », Southeast Asian Studies Seminar, Faculty of Social Sciences (FASS), National University of Singapore (NUS), 11th Nov. 2015.
  • GIBERT M., 2015, « Ho Chi Minh Ville, des shopping malls pour espaces publics? Pour une lecture décentrée des espaces publics, au prisme des « régimes de publicité », in La fabrique des espaces publics dans les villes « non-occidentales »,Workshop of the Collectif de recherche pour un urbanisme ouvert sur les mondes (CORUM), rencontres internationales en urbanisme (APERAU),3 June 2015.
  • GIBERT M., 2015, « La métropolisation de Hồ Chí Minh Ville à travers son quartier routard: le cas de Phạm Ngũ Lão », Workshop entitled « Tourisme(s) », UMR AUSSER École nationale supérieure d’architecture de Paris-Belleville, 29 May 2015. Co-presented with E. Peyvel.
  • GIBERT M., 2015, « Le shopping mall pour espace public : réflexions autour de la circulation d’une référence urbaine mondialisée en Asie du Sud-Est, à partir du cas de Hồ Chí Minh Ville », research seminar entitled Circulations des références urbaines et assemblages locaux, UMR 8174 CES and UMR 8586 Prodig, 29 January 2015.
  • GIBERT M., 2014, “Rethinking Public Spaces in Postcolonial Vietnamese Cities », International Workshop “Beyond the straw men : Post-colonial Urban Theory and ‘Western’ Urban Theory : Perspectives and Possibilities”, Ghent University Centre for Global Studies, MENARG, CRG, SEG, CCC, Architecture, 12-13th November 2014.
  • GIBERT M., 2014, “Creating Publics: Spaces of Public Formation in postcolonial Asian Cities. A view from the streets of Ho Chi Minh City”, Seminar “City for and by the People”, University of Hong Kong, Faculty of Architecture, Hong Kong, 11th July 2014.
  • GIBERT M., 2013, « Entre réseau et territoire, quels modèles pour les rues de Ho Chi Minh Ville ? », seminar entitled La circulation des modèles urbains, Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne, Université Paris Diderot, EPHE, Paris, 18 December 2013.
  • GIBERT M., 2013, « Les ruelles de Ho Chi Minh Ville face au renouvellement urbain. Transitions critiques, adaptations et résilience »,seminar entitled Transitions critiques en Asie du Sud-Est, CASE-EHESS, Paris, 6 February 2013.
  • GIBERT M., 2012, « Pour une géographie des espaces publics »,seminar entitled À la recherche des géographies, Ecole Normale Supérieure,Paris, 6 November 2012.
  • GIBERT M., 2012, « Cho Lon, trajectoire d’un comptoir chinois à Ho Chi Minh Ville », seminar entitled Production urbaine et multiculturalisme dans le monde chinois, Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne, Université Paris Diderot, EPHE, Paris, 31 October 2012.
  • GIBERT M., 2012, « L’unité de voisinage à Ho Chí Minh Ville, entre espace de contrôle et de négociation », seminar entitled INVERSES: Territoire et informalité en ville, Gecko and Prodig research units, Institut de Géographie, Paris, 30 May 2012.
  • GIBERT M., 2011, « Ho Chí Minh Ville, les déplacements forcés comme moteur du renouvellement urbain. Des procédures en évolution », workshop entitled: Déplacements forcés dans les villes du Sud, les déguerpissements en questions, Institut de Géographie de Paris, ENECresearch unit,UniversitéParis IV Sorbonne, 22 October 2011.
  • GIBERT M., 2011, « Les dynamiques urbaines contemporaines à Ho Chi Minh Ville: entre grands projets et pratiques habitantes », conference entitled Connaissance du Vietnam, co-organized by theAAFV, CID, UGVF, 18 October 2011.
  • GIBERT M., 2011, « Local Neighbourhoods in Ho Chi Minh City, Between Spaces of Control and Spaces of Negotiation », Postgraduate and Early Career Symposium « The Social Dynamics of Neighbourhood », Centre for Housing Research, University of St Andrews, Scotland, 23rd of May 2011.
  • CHAUVIN E., GIBERT M., VALETTE J.F., 2011, « Les difficultés du terrain en géographie. Percevoir, évaluer, contourner ».workshop entitled: La méthodologie de la recherche au-delà de la théorie: quelles pratiques?, Prodigresearch unit, Institut de géographie, Paris, 22 March 2011.
  • GIBERT M., 2010, « Public Space in the Course of Urban Renewal. A Panorama from Vietnam », Workshop at the University of Architecture and Urban Planning of Ho Chi Minh City, 20th of May 2010.


  • GIBERT M., 2013, Book review, in Études Foncières, n°161, p.60-61: HO TAI H.T., SIDEL M. (ed.), 2012, State, Society and the Market in Contemporary Vietnam. Property, Power and Values, New York, Routledge, 249 p.
  • GIBERT M., 2012, Book review, in Études Foncières, n°157, p.59: HALL D., HIRSCH P., MURRAY LI T. (ed.), 2011, Powers of exclusion: Land Dilemmas in Southeast Asia, Honolulu, University of Hawai’i Press, 320 p.
  • GIBERT M., 2011, Book review, in Les Annales, Histoire, Sciences Sociales, n°4, p. 1138-1139 : HARMS Erik, 2011, Saigon’s Edge : On the Margins of Ho Chi Minh City, Minneapolis, University of Minnesota Press, XIV-294 p.

Participation in radio programs

  • GIBERT M., 2014, « Habiter les bidonvilles ». Program entitled « Planète Terre »,produced and hosted by Sylvain Kahn, for France Culture, Paris, 1 October 2014.
  • GIBERT M., 2008, « Katmandou et le Népal ». Program entitled « Planète Terre », produced and hosted by Sylvain Kahn, for France Culture, Paris, 5 November 2008.

Evaluation of articles for peer-reviewed journals

  •  Working Paper Series, ARI, NUS (2015)

  •  Cities journal(2015)

  •  Moussonsjournal (2015)

  •  EchoGéo journal (2014)

  •  Études foncièresjournal (2012)

  •  Essaisjournal (journal of the Montaigne-Humanitésgraduate program, Bordeaux) (2012)

Centre Asie du Sud-Est (CASE)


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