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Pierre-Yves Manguin

Honorary Researcher
Discipline :

Coordonnées professionnelles

Professional contact information

EFEO, 22 av. du Président Wilson, 75116 Paris

pierre-yves.manguin[at]efeo.net

01 53 70 18 60

Academic Staff, Senior Research Fellow at the French School of Asian Studies (École française d’Extrême-Orient)

EDUCATION & PROFESSIONAL EXPERIENCE

Education

After briefly attending an engineering school, he registered at the École Nationale des Langues Orientales Vivanteswhere he obtained the Diploma in Vietnamese Language and Civilization in 1967. Concurrently, he studied History (with Michel Mollat du Jourdain) and ethnology (with Georges Condominas) at the Sorbonne, the EPHE and the EHESS. In 1970, he obtained his Diploma in Southeast Asian History from the École Pratique des Hautes Études(4th section), and in 1977 he obtained his PhD (doctorat de IIIe cycle) jointly from the EPHE and theUniversitéde Paris IV-Sorbonne. He obtained his habilitation à diriger des recherchesfrom the EHESS in 2003.

Professional experience

Hired on April 1st 1970 by the French School of Asian Studies (École française d’Extrême-Orient—EFEO), he has been assigned several times since 1977 to the EFEO Center in Indonesia, where he lived for about 15 years. He is currently posted to the Parisian headquarters of the EFEO. He has directed the following EFEO research units: “Asie du Sud-Est : échanges, religions, États” (1997-2007), “Cités anciennes et structuration de l’espace en Asie du Sud-Est” (2008-2011) and currently coordinates the program entitled“L’espace khmer ancien : Construction d’un corpus numérique de données archéologiques et épigraphiques” (with funding from the ANR, 2009-2011). Since 2012, he has been editor-in-chief of the Bulletin del’EFEO. In 1984, he was among the founding members of the Lasema (Laboratoire Asie du Sud-Est et Monde austronésien/ CNRS-UPR 297). He was a Visiting Fellow at Trinity College Oxford University in 1985 and a Senior Visiting Fellow at the Asia Research Institute of the National University of Singapore in 2007. He was the co-founder and the first elected president (1984-1987) of the Association française pour la Recherche sur l’Asie du Sud-Est(French Association for Research on Southeast Asia), a board member of the European Association of Southeast Asian Archaeologists (1992-2010) and the president of the European Association of Southeast Asian Studies (2004-2007). Since 2012, he has been participating in the Major Collaborative Research Initiative “The Indian Ocean World: The Making of the First Global Economy in the Context of Human-Environment Interaction”, coordinated by McGill University in Montréal.

AREAS OF RESEARCH - CURRENT RESEARCH TOPICS

His research is on the history of the sea front of pre-modern Southeast Asia, and more specifically on the study of the merchant networks in the China Seas and in the Indian Ocean, of their role in the constitution of political systems and of urbanization. During the course of various research actions, he has also studied the perceptions that coastal societies have of their history and their maritime environment, through the study of their vocabulary and their representations. He participated in a multidisciplinary research program on the population dynamic in Sumatra.

At first based solely on written documents, his work began, starting in the 1980s, to draw more and more heavily on archaeology to fill in the blanks of the missing historical data. These archaeological dig programs, conducted in cooperation with Indonesian and Vietnamese researchers, were focused both on the merchant ships and the port cities of these two countries.

He thus directed archaeological missions in Sumatra on the port sites of the Sriwijaya period (7th to 13th centuries), as well as new explorations of these sites in 2010 and 2011. These research projects enabled him to finally prove beyond a doubt that G. Coedès had been right in placing the capital of Sriwijaya in Palembang. Above all, they contributed to the establishment of a solid chronology for the history of this great maritime State and helped prove that the tradition of the merchant cities of insular Southeast Asia dates back to the first millennium of the CE. This research then turned to the port site of Oc Eo, in the Mekong delta (1st to 7th centuries). Finally, up until 2007, he led a program on the Batujaya and Cibuaya sites (1st to 7th centuries), in West Java. These last two programs are focused on better understanding a period of Southeast Asian history that has been overlooked up until now, and during which the first political systems of the region, based on long-distance exchanges, are developed and progressively adopt cultural models imported from India.

TEACHING, ADMINISTRATIVE AND RESEARCH-RELATED RESPONSIBILITIES

From 1991 to 2005 - Weekly seminar at the Ecole pratique des Hautes Etudes(4th section) entitled “Archéologie historique de la façade maritime de l’Asie du Sud-Est”, as lecturer then as senior research fellow.
In2003 and 2004-teachingas part of the Maison de l’Orient et de la Méditerranée, Université Lumière - Lyon II.
Since 2006- weekly seminar at the EHESS entitled“Histoire et archéologie de l’ancienne Asie du Sud-Est” (with Eric Bourdonneau since2011).

SELECTED BIBLIOGRAPHY

Books

  • 2011- [lead editor, with A. Mani and G. Wade, and introduction], Early Interactions between South and Southeast Asia : Reflections on Cross-Cultural Exchange. Singapore, New Delhi : Institute of Southeast Asian Studies (Nalanda-Sriwijaya Series 2) / Manohar, 513 p
  • 2007- [with Catherine Clémentin-Ojha], A Century in Asia. TheHistoryof the École française d’Extrême-Orient 1898-2006. Singapore, Paris : Éditions Didier Millet / École française d’Extrême-Orient, 239 p.
  • 2001- [withCatherine Clémentin-Ojha], Un siècle pour l’Asie. L’ Ecole française d’Extrême-Orient 1898-2000. Paris : EFEO/Les Editions duPacifique, 237 p.
  • 1998- [lead editorship] Southeast Asian Archaeology 1994 : Proceedings of the 5th International Conference of the European Association of Southeast Asian Archaeologists, Paris, 24th-28th October 1994. Hull : University of Hull, Centre for Southeast Asian Studies, 2 vol., 226 + 228 p.
  • 1996- [with Jorge dos Santos Alves], O ’Roteiro das cousas do Achem’ de D. João Ribeiro Gaio : Um olhar português sobre o norte de Samatra em finais do século XVI [Le ’Roteiro das cousas do Achen’ de Dom João Ribeiro Gaio : Un regard portugais sur le nord de Sumatra vers la fin du 16e siècle]. Lisboa : Commissão Nacional dos Descobrimentos.
  • 1984- Nguyên Anh, Macau et le Portugal. Aspects politiques et commerciaux d’une relation privilégiée, 1773‑1802. Paris : Public. de l’EFEO, CXXXIV, 278 p.
  • 1972 -Les Portugais sur les côtes du Viêt-Nam et du Campâ. Etude sur les routes maritimes et les relations commerciales, d’après les sources portugaises (16e, 17e, 18 siècles). Paris : Public. de l’EFEO, LXXXI, 215 p.

Articles

  • 2012- « Late Mediaeval Asian Shipbuilding in the Indian Ocean : A Reappraisal », in Om Prakash (ed.), The Trading World of the Indian Ocean, 1500-1800. Calcutta : Centre for Studies in Civilisations (Project on History of Science, Philosophy and Culture in Indian Civilisation, Vol. III, Part 7), p. 597-629.
  • 2011 -[with Agustijanto Indrajaya], « The Batujaya Site : New Evidence of Early Indian Influence in West Java », in P.-Y. Manguin, A. Mani & G. Wade (eds.), India and Southeast Asia : Reflections on Cross-cultural Exchange, Singapore, New Delhi :, Institute of Southeast Asian Studies (Nalanda Sriwijaya Series 2), Manohar, p. 113-136.
  • 2011- « The Maldives connection : pre-modern Malay World shipping across the Indian Ocean », in C. Radimilahy and N. Rajaonarimanana (eds.), Civilisations des mondes insulaires. Mélanges en l’honneur du Professeur Claude Allibert. Paris : Éditions Karthala, p. 261-284.
  • 2010 -« New ships for new networks : trends in shipbuilding in the South China Sea in the 15th and 16th centuries », in G. Wade & Sun Laichen (eds.), Southeast Asia in the Fifteenth Century : The China Factor. Singapore, Hong Kong : National University of Singapore Press, Hong Kong University Press, p. 333-358.
  • 2010 -« Pan-Regional Responses to South Asian Inputs in Early Southeast Asia », in B. Bellina, E.A. Bacus, T.O. Pryce & J. Wisseman Christie (eds.), 50 Years of Archaeology in Southeast Asia : Essays in Honour of Ian Glover. Bangkok : River Books, p.171-180.
  • 2009- « The Archaeology of Funan in the Mekong River Delta : the Oc Eo Culture of Vietnam », in N. Tingley (Ed.) Arts of Ancient Vietnam : From River Plain to Open Sea. New York, Houston : Asia Society, Museum of Fine Arts, Yale University Press, p. 100-118.
  • 2009- « Southeast Sumatra in Protohistoric and Srivijaya Times : Upstream-Downstream Relations and the Settlement of the Peneplain », in D. Bonatz, J. Miksic, J.D. Neidel et al. (eds.), From Distant Tales : Archaeology and Ethnohistory in the Highlands of Sumatra. Cambridge : Cambridge Scholars Publishing, p. 434 484.
  • 2006- « Un ‘sociologue’ parmi les orientalistes : Paul Mus à l’École française d’Extrême-Orient (1927-1937) », in C. Goscha & D. Chandler (eds.), L’espace d’un regard : Paul Mus et l’Asie (1902-1969). Lyon, Paris : Institut d’Asie Orientale, Les Indes savantes, p.109-116.
  • 2006- [with Agustijanto Indrajaya], « The Archaeology of Batujaya (West-Java, Indonesia) : An interim Report », in E.A. Bacus, I.C. Glover & V.C. Pigott (eds.), Uncovering Southeast Asia’s Past. Selected Papers from the 10th International Conference of the European Association of Southeast Asian Archaeologists. Singapore : NUS Press, p. 245-257.
  • 2004- « The Archaeology of the Early Maritime polities of Southeast Asia », in P. Bellwood & I. Glover (eds.), Southeast Asia : from Prehistory to History. London : RoutledgeCurzon, p.282-313.
  • 2002- « The amorphous nature of coastal polities in Insular Southeast Asia : Restricted centres, extended peripheries »,Moussons, 5, p. 73-99.
  • 2001-  « Sriwijaya, entre texte historique et terrain archéologique : un siècle à la recherche d’un État évanescent », Bulletin de l’EFEO, 88, p. 331-339.
  • 2000- « Les cités-États de l’Asie du Sud-Est côtière : de l’ancienneté et de la permanence des formes urbaines », Bulletin de l’EFEO, 87(1), 151-182.
  • 2000- « De la ’Grande Inde’ à l’Asie du Sud-Est : la contribution de l’archéologie », in Célébration de Centenaire de l’Ecole française d’Extrême-Orient (Extrait des Comptes rendus de l’Académie des inscriptions et belles-lettres, 4e fasc., Novembre-décembre 2000), Paris, 9-16.
  • 1996- « Southeast Asian shipping in the Indian Ocean during the First Millennium AD », in : J.-F. Salles & Himanshu Prabha Ray (eds.), Techno-archaeological Perspectives of Seafaring in the Indian Ocean. New Delhi (NISTADS) and Lyon (Maison de l’Orient), 181-198.
  • 1993- « Trading ships of the South China Sea : Shipbuilding Techniques and their Role in the Development of Asian Trade Networks », Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient, 36, 253-280.
  • 1993- « The vanishing jong : Insular Southeast Asian fleets in war and trade (15th-17th centuries) », in : A. Reid (ed.), Southeast Asia in the Early Modern Era : Trade, Power, and Belief. Ithaca, London : Cornell University Press, 197-213.
  • 1993- « Palembang and Sriwijaya : An Early Malay Harbour-city Rediscovered », Journal of the Malaysian Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society, 66(1), 23-46.
  • 1992- « Excavations in South Sumatra, 1988-1990 : New evidence for Sriwijayan sites », in : I.C. Glover (ed.), Southeast Asian Archaeology 1990 : Proceedings of the Third Conference of the European Association of Southeast Asian Archaeologists.- Hull : Centre for Southeast Asian Studies, 63‑73.
  • 1991- « The Merchant and the King : Political myths of Southeast Asian coastal polities », Indonesia (Cornell University) , 52, 41-54.
  • 1979- « L’introduction de l’Islam au Campa », Bulletin de l’EFEO, 66, 255‑287.
  • « Shipshape Societies : Boat Symbolism and Political Systems in Insular South‑East Asia, in : D.G. Marr & A.C. Milner (eds.), Southeast Asia in the 9th to 14th Centuries. Singapore : Research School of Pacific Studies, Australian National University / Institute of Southeast Asian Studies, 1986 : 187‑213.pothèses, nouvelles recherches (Palembang Ouest) », Bulletin de l’EFEO, 76, 337‑402.

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